What’s polio and the way lengthy do vaccinations final?

A health worker gives polio vaccine to a child during a door-to-door campaign in Kandahar, Afghanistan, on May 23. EPA

Polio has been eradicated within the UK in recent times after the lethal sickness wreaked havoc within the Fifties.

However it has been found in a number of sewage samples collected from the London Beckton Sewage Remedy Works between February and Might of this 12 months.

You are reading: What’s polio and the way lengthy do vaccinations final?

The sewerage plant serves about 4 million individuals in north and east London.

To date no circumstances of polio paralysis have been detected, however what’s the illness? And what occurred final time there was a polio epidemic within the UK?

What’s polio?

Polio is a life-threatening illness attributable to the poliovirus.

Signs of polio embrace a excessive temperature, excessive fatigue, complications, vomiting, neck stiffness and muscle ache.

In excessive circumstances, polio may cause paralysis, normally within the legs, though motion sometimes comes again inside a couple of weeks or months.

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However it may be life-threatening if it paralyses the muscle tissues wanted for respiratory.

It primarily impacts kids beneath the age of 5, though it could possibly additionally hit unvaccinated adults.

It has precipitated dying or life-long paralysis previously.

The place is polio discovered?

Polio is extraordinarily uncommon now as a result of success of the polio vaccine. It’s primarily present in Afghanistan and Pakistan.

How does polio unfold?

Polio spreads by way of bodily fluids. An contaminated individual can unfold it by coughing or sneezing. Individuals may also catch it by coming into contact with the faeces of an contaminated individual.

When had been the final polio epidemics within the UK?

In the course of the early Fifties the UK was rocked by polio epidemics, with as many as 8,000 individuals struggling paralytic poliomyelitis.

The epidemics ended with the introduction of the oral polio vaccine in 1962.

A health worker administers polio vaccine drops to a child on May 23 during a polio vaccination campaign in Kandahar, Afghanistan. AFP

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A well being employee administers polio vaccine drops to a baby on Might 23 throughout a polio vaccination marketing campaign in Kandahar, Afghanistan. AFP

Are we vaccinated and the way lengthy does safety final?

The polio vaccine lasts 10 years. After this time, individuals want a booster vaccination.

The vaccine is injected into an individual’s higher arm, with gentle unintended effects reported afterwards.

What’s an iron lung?

An iron lung is a respirator that stimulates respiratory by enclosing an individual’s physique and ranging the air strain inside.

They’re sometimes thought of out of date as a result of invention of latest respiratory strategies and the eradication of polio.

Who’s the person within the iron lung?

Paul Alexander contracted polio on the age of six in Texas in 1952. He was saved alive with the usage of an iron lung.

Mr Alexander remains to be alive right now on the age of 76 after residing in an iron lung for 70 years.

Polio in Britain by way of the years – in photos

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